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Fetal abnormalities

Welcome to this educational course on Fetal Abnormalities.

Ultrasound is the main diagnostic tool in the prenatal detection of congenital abnormalities. It allows examination of the external and internal anatomy of the fetus and the detection of not only major defects but also of subtle markers of chromosomal abnormalities and genetic syndromes.

Although some women are at high risk of fetal abnormalities, either because of a family history or due to exposure to teratogens such as infection and various drugs, the vast majority of fetal abnormalities occur in the low-risk group. Consequently, ultrasound examination should be offered routinely to all pregnant women.

This course summarizes the prevalence, prenatal sonographic features, management and prognosis for both common and rare fetal abnormalities. Please note that cardiac defects are not included in this course because they are covered by other FMF courses specific to fetal echocardiography.

The course lasts for several hours, but it does not need to be completed in a single session.

Upon completing the course, you will obtain a certificate of attendance.

The course is mandatory as part of the FMF certification in Fetal Abnormalities.

Course contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Abnormalities of the brain
  3. Abnormalities of the spine
  4. Abnormalities of the face
  5. Abnormalities of the neck
  6. Abnormalities of the thorax
  7. Abnormalities of the abdominal wall
  8. Abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract
  9. Abnormalities of the urinary tract
  10. Abnormalities of the genital tract
  11. Abnormalities of the extremities
  12. Abnormalities of the skeleton
  13. Hydrops fetalis
  14. Chromosomal defects
  15. Tumors
  16. Abnormalities of placenta and cord
  17. Abnormalities of amniotic fluid
  18. Abnormalities in multiple pregnancies
  19. Acknowledgments